If you run a micro limited company and there are profits, you can distribute these as dividends. There are certain rules around paying dividends that I will discuss here. However, you also need to know as a micro company how you report the payment of dividends in your accounts.
A dividend is a payment a company can make to its shareholders, if it has made a profit. If you are a micro company then you may only have one or two share holders, frequently, these are the directors of the Company.
You must keep certain records to satisfy HMRC, that any payments are dividends and not directors loans (which are subject to another set of tax rules) or should be paid under PAYE.
The first thing you must do is have a directors meeting to declare the dividend. Ok, so if there is just one director that may seem a bit weird (although you do get all the biscuits if you provide refreshments!), however you need to have minutes for this meeting, where the dividend amount is declared and agreed.
You also need to produce a dividend voucher for each dividend the company pays. The voucher must contain the following information:
If you are a micro company and reporting under FRS105 (the accounting standard for micro companies), then there is no line in the accounts where you show the dividends you have paid. They are reflected in your capital and reserves figure on your balance sheet.
Capital and reserves are made up of the following:
Dividends are not an expense item, so are not shown on the profit and loss statement in your accounts.
Dividends are not shown on the CT600 filing. They are a distribution of your profits, your profits are shown on the CT600 and your profits are taxed. Please see our corporation tax calculator or create an account to calculate your profits.
As a shareholder you are taxed on dividends you receive through your personal income taxation, if you receive over £2,000 in dividends per year. This is calculated in your SA100 you need to submit to HMRC each year.